Archive for the ‘Pregnancy’ Category

Top things to watch for during pregnancy

Thursday, January 3rd, 2008


  • Observe urine, watch flow – Should stay same yellow color the whole time. If red blood is seen in stream, she might have a bladder infection. Call breeding or vet clinic right away.

  • Vulva – It will still be slightly swollen, like she was in season. She might also have whitish, stringy drips. If her vulva smells nasty, call breeding or vet clinic right away.

  • Ears – Look in ear canal for brownish wax. Clean 1x or 2x a week to prevent build up. Clean with blue ChloriHexi solution on cotton ball. If wax build up returns within 1-2 days after cleaning, call vet clinic.
  • Teeth – Brush 1-2 times per week. While pregnant she doesn’t chew on bones, so her breath starts to stink.

  • Nipples – Clean off dirt and old skin with warm water on cotton ball. You can add ChloriHexi blue solution to the water if you need to cut the grease. Her nipples get dirty when she starts expressing milk and they get sticky. She will start milking sometime after the ultrasound date.

  • Eyes – She may start to get more goo in the corners of her eyes as she approaches her due date. Usually the moms go on an ointment a week before their due date. If the goo is lime green or the whites of her eyes are blood shot, call breeding or the vet clinic.

  • Toe nails – I usually cut her nails once a week and since she doesn’t chase balls or run around while pregnant they don’t wear themselves down. Usually at night while she is really tired is a good time.

  • Buckle collar – Loosen to other hole, when you notice that it has gotten snug. She will gain weigh everywhere and her collar gets too tight.

  • Hair Loss – She will loose all the hair on her belly by her due date. Hair on other parts of her body will remain thick

Discomfort from the pups

Thursday, January 3rd, 2008

 As the pups gain weight, it puts pressure on her, so she will begin to whimper and sigh pitifully. Some times she will whimper on every exhale. I try to ease her discomfort by petting her belly, getting her to reposition, or just distract her from what ever she was thinking. She wakes me in the middle of night during that last 2 weeks of pregnancy, either that I am sensitive to her or that she gets loud. If she doesn’t calm down (fall asleep) after repositioning her, take her out to do business.

Daily Walks or Exercise is important

Thursday, January 3rd, 2008

Her walks before ultrasound (4 weeks) will be just about the same as she always does. After ultrasound she starts gaining weight and her pace slows way down. Begin doing shorter walks multiple times a day, she will also be pooping more, so try to get a business on each walk. If she poops she will eat more at the next meal. At the start of her pregnancy on a typical day, she will ride with me in the car while I run errands in the morning. Nap in the afternoon, go on a brisk hour long walk (2 miles) about 5 pm, then eat dinner about 5:30 pm A typical day about 2 weeks before her due date, starting at 6 am, she will do business, eat only about 1 cup of food, sleep, then 4 hours later, take on short walk to get her to poop, and feed her another cup. She will sleep gain. After 4 more hours, take her on a short walk to get her to poop, feed her another cup of food, you can see how this pattern is repeating itself. She will probably need to do business in the middle of the night, sometimes twice a night. Last pregnancy, our schedule was 9 pm, midnight, 3 am, 6 am.

Food quanity, schedule, and loss of appetite

Thursday, January 3rd, 2008


Before ultrasound – She will be on Science Diet Maintenance. 1.25 or 1.5 cups twice a day. I raise her food so the pups can grow up big and strong and she usually will eat less about 10 days before her due date, so I like her to have some fat stored up on her.
After ultrasound – She will switch (in 5 day period) to Science Diet Puppy and they will increase the amount of food by about 1 cup a week.
Loss of appetite – She will loose her appetite about 2 weeks before her due date. Do all that you can to get her to eat. Try only 1 cup per meal, try canned food, dry kibble instead of wet, dog sausage log, dog biscuits, any dog food product on the store shelf. You can switch foods without having to worry about loose stools. Her nutrition is more important than a soft serve stool. I will buy 1 can of food from each dog food company (Iams, Purina, Natural Balance, etc). She will tire of a flavor after one meal, so variety is important. Sometimes she will only eat kibble, other times she will only eat canned food. Sometimes holding the bowl up off the floor helps. Sometimes going for a walk before eating. It is best to stay with dog food and not use people food.

Dog Pregnancy Calendar

Tuesday, December 4th, 2007

The following information gathered from

This calendar is from her L litter in 2006.

Wed 2 Nov 2005 First day of mating.


48 hours after the first mating the bitch should be mated again. Subsequent matings occurring over a period of time enhance the chances of fertilization taking place. The spermatozoa migrate up through the cervix.

Thu 3 Nov 2005


Sperm travel searching for a mature ripened eggs.

Fri 4 Nov 2005


Spermatozoa reach the eggs in the oviducts.

Sat 5 Nov 2005


Fertilization occurs in the oviducts which lead from the ovaries to the uterus.

Mon 7 Nov 2005


Fertilized eggs migrate down the oviducts and into the uterine horns. The migration continue to enable even spacing of the embryos. During this migration the eggs will grow into a blastocystes.

Tue 15 Nov 2005


The blastocystes implant in the wall of the uterus.

Wed 16 Nov 2005 – Wed 23 Nov 2005


Dams nipples begin to pink and enlarge. The fur on the dams belly and around the nipples may become thinner.

Sun 13 Nov 2005 – Sun 27 Nov 2005


The blastocystes will grow into an embryos.
During the next two weeks the important organs will develop.

Tue 22 Nov 2005 – Tue 29 Nov 2005


Morning sickness might occur due to hormonal changes or stretching and distension of the uterus. Dam may appear a bit apathetic. She may be off her feed for a while and vomit from time to time. Feeding the dam several meals spaced throughout the day might help. Your veterinarian may want to prescribe a drug to relax the uterus. Alda is now very mellow and sleepy. Her response to seeing the Vet for the ultrasound was quiet and unexcited (not her usual self). She is eating well and seems hungry.

Sun 27 Nov 2005 – Thu 1 Dec 2005


An experienced person (a breeder or a veterinarian) can tell by careful palpation whether the dam is pregnant. It’s now the best time to do this because the embryos are walnut-sized now and easy to count.

Tue 29 Nov 2005


Ultrasound appointment at GDB. Alda has between 6 and 7 pups. This is just a guess things can always change.

Wed 30 Nov 2005


Start to increase the dams food ration. Don’t overfeed, excessive weight gain should be avoided. The fetuses are now and are fully developed miniature dogs. Alda’s daily food increases from 3 cups to 4 cups.

Tue 6 Dec 2005


The Dams abdomen starts to get larger. Alda’s daily food increases to 5 cups.

Wed 14 Dec 2005


Alda’s daily food increases to 6 cups.

Fri 16 Dec 2005


It’s very easy now to feel the puppies, counting them might be a bit more difficult.

Mon 19 Dec 2005 – Tue 27 Dec 2005


Dam begins to spend a lot more time in self-grooming. Her breasts become even more swollen. She may become a bit restlessness and begin to search for a suitable place to have her puppies.

Wed 21 Dec 2005


The dam might lose her appetite during this period. Her abdomen can be crowded with puppies. It is better to feed several smaller meals spaced throughout the day. You can easily detect abdominal movement now.

Wed 22 Dec 2005 – Thu 5 Jan 2006


Nipples and vulva should be gently cleaned with warm water, you might want to trim the hairs surrounding the nipples, to allow easier access for the puppies to suck.

Tue 27 Dec 2005


Alda’s “return to GDB” date.

Sat 31 Dec 2005 – Tue 3 Jan 2006


Milky fluid may be expressed from the nipples.

Sun 1 Jan 2006


Alda’s due date. You might want to start taking the dams rectal temperature each morning and evening.

Wed 4 Jan 2006


Twelve to 24 hours before she is due to deliver, the dams rectal temperature may drop from 101 to 98 degrees. Clear discharge from the vulva might occur.

Thu 5 Jan 2006


Expected date of whelp. Of course this is just an average. Whelping may take place from the 59th to the 65th day. Puppies born before the 58th day will probably be too young to survive.


Thursday, November 29th, 2007

Alda at 8 weeks pregnant 

After Season has completed (the female was bred during this time), she returns to the Breeder Keeper family. During this time, she could act clingy, loose her appetite, and have some discharge. After four weeks she will receive an ultrasound to confirm pregnancy. Also at that time her food will change and increase. In her 8th week of pregnancy she returns to GDB to prepare for her whelp. The gestation period for dogs is 63 days (9 weeks).